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Challenges & objectives

Understanding the impacts of climate change on the emergence and spread of infectious diseases

As our planet heats up due to climate change, outbreaks of zoonotic diseases – diseases that spread from animals to humans – are increasing and expanding to new parts of the world, in particular Europe. Warmer temperatures, more variable rainfall, and the loss of biodiversity influence the survival and spread of zoonotic pathogens, and the reproduction and geographic location of their vectors, such as mosquitoes or ticks.

Past and recent health crises, including the COVID-19 pandemic, have shown there is a need for stronger and more inclusive preparedness and responsiveness to epidemic-prone pathogens at the EU and global level.


One Health

IDAlert’s approach expands the IPCC’s framework of hazard, exposure, vulnerability and risk by including the One Health triangle of animals, humans and the environment, allowing to contribute significantly to research at the intersection of One Health, EcoHealth, infectious diseases, and climate change.

IDAlert will develop a systematic way to collect, analyse and communicate information about the direct and indirect effects of climate change at the human–animal–environment interface by:

  • developing indicators to track past present and future impacts of climate change and transformation policy
  • providing innovative tools and early warning systems that integrate the environment
  • social and animal domains and adhere to the IPCC frameworks of climate change impacts and adaptation needs

A participatory approach

A participatory approach through iterative engagement, co-design, exchange processes and workshops is at the heart of the project. This will guide the research and ensure outputs address and respond to actual needs.

IDAlert will work with stakeholders at European, regional, and local levels, including citizens, policy makers from the health sectors (human and animal), climate policy stakeholders, and landscape designers. They will be proactively engaged with in the project implementation using a co-design, co-production and co-dissemination process.

IDAlert will bring together consortium researchers and non-academic partners to jointly develop the research project and define research questions that meet collective interests and needs.

Research outputs will be widely disseminated leveraging stakeholder networks to maximise impact, and ensuring relevance of the research for health and climate change decision-makers, and that outputs are aligned with end-user needs.

Research outputs will be widely disseminated leveraging stakeholder networks to maximise impact, and ensuring relevance of the research for health and climate change decision-makers, and that outputs are aligned with end-user needs.


IDAlert will develop and improve existing tools, generate new knowledge, and produce capacity building materials to tackle the emergence and transmission of pathogens and enhance evidence-based decision-making.


Develop innovative indicators and monitoring mechanisms to assess the health-relevant outcomes of climate policies and actions

Develop predictive models and early warning systems for exposure and health impacts of climate change

Develop tools for health impact and cost-benefit assessment of climate-change adaptation and mitigation measures


Investigate health co-benefits and unintended consequences of climate adaptation and mitigation policies

Identify the societal implications of climate change on health systems, including occupational health, and development of adaptation measures


Develop training materials and guidelines to educate relevant actors in citizens’ daily life on climate change health impacts and to facilitate adaptation of health systems and practices

Case studies

The validity of the tools and methods developed in the project will be demonstrated in key hotspot sites in Spain, The Netherlands, Greece, Sweden, and Bangladesh, which are experiencing rapid urban transformation and climate-induced disease threats. They will test the new approaches to data collection, study fine scale drivers and mechanisms of transmission and emergence, and evaluate the direct and upstream consequences of policy. The local stakeholders will co-design and co-produce the activities in each site, providing essential and high quality data.

Attica Region including Athens Municipality

Stakeholder: Benaki Phytopathological Institute (BPI)

Girona Province, & Barcelona Municipality

Stakeholder: Mosquito Control Service of Girona, Public Health Agency of Girona (DIPSALUT), Public Health Agency of Barcelona (ASPB)

South Holland Province, Rotterdam Municipality

Stakeholder: Municipal health service Rotterdam, Rotterdam Municipality

Uppsala County & Stockholm Municipality

Stakeholder: Swedish Veterinary
Institute (SVA)

Dhaka Municipality & Teknaf Subdistrict

Stakeholder: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (iccdr,b)

Heidelberg & Rhein-Neckar-Kreis

Stakeholder: Heidelberg Institute of Global Health (HIGH), Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing (IWR)

About consortium

The consortium involves 19 organisations from Sweden, Germany, France, Spain, Greece, The Netherlands, Italy, UK, and Bangladesh, with world leading experts in a wide range of disciplines including zoonoses, infectious disease epidemiology, social sciences, artificial intelligence, environmental economics, and environmental and climate sciences.

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